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Tribalisim Like All Bad Learned Habits Can Be Unlearned

Following further below, is my response to the immediately following by a blogger who essentially believes there was deliberate efforts by the Kenya government during his early school years to make Kikuyus appear superior and everyone else inferior by manipulating the use of school textbooks to accomplish this.

His Posting:

People,

I have suffered internally with this thought for long and I think it is time I did something about it. I must admit I can not continue suffering like this yet it was the government’s blunder.

While I did my early primary schooling in the rural areas where the only language I could understand well was my mother tongue and slight and incorrigible kiswahili.the government deliberately designed a curriculum to favour some tribes than others.

I am now looking for a lawyer to put together for me my accusation against the government. All the books i read in English during my early education were designed in a way that i lived believing that there only existed Njugunas,Kamaus and the likes.These two names feature well in myb mind as my story books only mentioned the two.

Here we go:

  • The bus driver Mr.Njuguna asked the pupils to be seated in the bus
  • The shopkeeper,Mr.Kamau gave the boy enough change as he had been asked by his mother Nyokabi

In all the Safari books I was tutored with in my early primary I never saw a name that resembled even the locals names. Then there must have been someone at KIE who developed curriculum with alot of tribalism. The only place I met the name of my kinsmen was in venacular books which was titled” Akeyo olal e chiro” Akeyo gets lost in the market.

I therefore lived knowing that all bus drivers must be from Njuguna’s tribe and all shopkeepers are Kamau or his kinsmen
I want an explanation from the government why they allowed this blander or was it deliberate to make me think am lesser in the society.

And I am serious I need an explanation from KIE as well or else I get a lawyer to sue the government for misleading me and other young stars.

This is not hate speech,I know [_] is fond of fire fighting without a strategy on how to do his job,and may want to pick this as hate speech,but let him if he is the one explain categorically why this was done

My Response:

Your posting reminds me of a recent debate in Texas, USA between hardcore conservatives and liberals on education in general and pre-college student curriculum in particular; conservatives who have virtually taken over every aspect of government in the state of Texas, used their majority in the Texas School Board to put their conservative stamp in education curriculum, their justification: the Texas curriculum was too liberal for their taste (for a news story about this, go to New York Times, for a good blog on the issue, go to this blog).

While it’s true what we learn from early on in life and formative years has a major influence on what we believe or do and who we become later on in life, it is equally true what we learn in those same years that is against the norm or otherwise evil or improper can be unlearned through later education, maturity and exposure. Otherwise, if this were not the case, children born to racist families will always be racists; children exposed to tribalism from that period will always be tribalists; children born of one religion or the opposite will remain so forever, etc.

Unfortunately, however, the unlearning of the vice and other bad things learned in those formative years stays with some people to the day they die either by choice or by choice. This is not a typo, it is deliberate to say those who do not unlearn the vice and other bad things do so by choice.

And this is, precisely, our problem in Kenya today. While I can see the older generation having difficulty shaking ukabila, which I include hate of others simply because of their tribe, I simply do not comprehend why their offspring who are better informed, educated and otherwise exposed fail or refuse to do so.

We have no doubt made progress as time is going by but judging from the exchanges one sees here and on the ground, a lot of work remains to be done but the good news is, there are signs and I am very optimistic we are almost there.

Osama Bin Laden sent his boys to drive two airplanes through two landmark buildings in New York on September 11, 2001. That single act of brazen terrorism instantaneously united the country than ever before in its history; neighbors who hated each other found themselves giving each other hugs; family member who had disappeared from their loved ones found courage to call and say they were okay and were eager to reunite; Democrats who could not stand or simply hated President George W Bush or GW suddenly discovered he was a good guy and that they actually loved him (but that’s how far they could go; his VP Cheney they still hated); in Kenya, Moi so run the country into the ground when he attempted to impose a successor on the country, he was resoundingly told NO by way of the country overwhelmingly electing Kibaki as president in 2002; the aura on the ground and elsewhere in the Diaspora on hKibaki’s inauguration in 2003 was titillating.

What has happened since these euphoric moments? After a few months or so, in America, the neighbors went back to hating each other; a number of family members who reunited with their families soon went back to their hiding; Democrats went back to hating GW so much such that after losing the elections in 2004, he was appointed president by the US Supreme Court which is the first time that has happened in the US; in Kenya, the euphoria of 2002 disappeared such that Raila, who was instrumental in having Kibaki elected that year, faced off with Kibaki in the 2007 elections which most people believe he won but was not sworn as president, leading to the post-election violence and near civil war.

Fortunately, there was a compromise between Kibaki and Raila leading to the current coalition government which is where we find ourselves today.

Where are going to go tomorrow, come the day after election day 2012? Is the country going to rise in jubilation with election of a president they are all happy and eager to lead them to greater unity and prosperity as in 2002 or is it going to be an uncertain and gloomy day as was December 28, 2007?

I, for one, wish and pray it’ll be a jubilant day throughout the country as that bright day on December 28, 2002 when the country confirmed the Moi era was over and was prepared to have Kibaki take us to the promised land.

Were this to be the case, it will be a manifestation that we have learned to unlearn the vice of tribalism.

Peace, Love and Unity.

***********

Is our country ready to finally shake tribalism and all its vestiges?

“I think so but this is not to say our individualism and ethnic culture is thrown out with it as well. The two can happen together harmoniously, i.e., we can get rid of tribalism without sacrificing our pride in individual ethnic culture but certain barbaric cultural activities in all ethnic groups must be shed as well.”

Samuel N. Omwenga, Esq.

 
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Posted by on April 24, 2011 in Siasa

 

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Countdown to Ocampo Six at the Hague

As the countdown begins for the Ocampo Six to appear before the International Criminal Court at the Hague, I have started to reflect how we got here. I was in Kenya during the 07 elections and witnessed the vote rigging and ensuing crisis first-hand. I remember as things were getting really ugly with countless days of sleeplessness, I decided I would best serve our country by returning to the US and do what I could to lobby the US government in finding a solution to the crisis. A handful of my friends and I spent days on end in Washington knocking doors at the State Department, the Congress and the White House. Nothing else seemed to matter at the time, including going to work.

I know our efforts were not in vain for at least the US government shifted its thinking and fully joined the rest of the world in forcing Kibaki to agree to a power sharing deal with Raila. The rest, as they say is history. Some of it in the making, including the PEV Ocampo Six trial at the Hague which has created a crisis of its own if not abated recently. I recently wrote an open letter to President Kibaki which is on this blog but as the Ocampo Six head to the Hague next week, I have been reflecting and something happened today reminding me of the letter below I wrote to the then U.S. President George W. Bush. I was told the letter was handed to him by a US Senator who received it from is friend I am friends with. The irony of it was this was one Senator I did not like his politics at all during that time and still don’t! But I appreciated his act of kindness in agreeing to do this and know he is a very compassionate person; just has his politics on the wrong path.

The Ocampo Six are now headed to the Hague to be tried for the post-election violence (PEV).

In my next blog, I intend to continue with my series on Who Is William Ruto in which I postulate what his his defense might be. Yes, even as critical as I have been about what Ruto has been doing lately, I would nonetheless defend him over what he is charged with as a matter of principle because he is an ODM member. This is a position I have maintained from even before he was publicly named as my friends know. I will still defend Ruto in principle even if he were to formally leave ODM and join PNU (many believe he has for all practical purposes done this). I will also continue pointing out the wrongs he is committing, including his ill-advised move to torment Raila in the false hopes he could be factored into the Kibaki succession.

I will another time write a blog trying to answer the question why do politicians get so gullible they don’t know when they are being used by other politicians or if they know they are being used what does it say about their character? I suppose the quick answer is nothing to be desired and certainly not a shining example of good leadership. Anyway, some may question why I would be so critical of Ruto even as I offer a defense strategy for him against the ICC charges and my answer is I don’t have anything against Ruto as a person; I just have problems with what he at times does that seems totally selfish and opportunistic instead of aspiring to be a national leader which he could be if he shakes the demons that have been bedeviling him lately, especially his obsession to “block” Raila from ascending to the presidency. Ruto has no bearing on whether or not Raila is elected President and this is true despite his myopic belief that he does.

My letter to POUSA George W. Bush:

January 17, 2008

The Honorable George W Bush

President of the United States

1600 Pennsylvania Avenue

Washington, DC 20500

Dear Mr. President:

I am a Kenyan American and am writing to you in connection with the human and political crisis currently engulfing my native country, Kenya.  I write to you as an individual but my views are to the word representative of millions of others expressed by Kenyans to whoever can hear them.

As you know, Kenyans went to the polls on December 27, 2007 to elect their president and other political leaders.  By all accounts, the elections were conducted in a peaceful and orderly manner, with record turn-out in most precincts.  Tallying of the votes at individual polling stations was also conducted peacefully and orderly across most of the country.

I was in Kenya during the elections and witnessed this in person at a number of polling stations I visited throughout the day, going into the wee hours of the morning when votes were being counted.

Unfortunately, however, when it came to announcing the results by the Electoral Commission of Kenya (ECK), Kenyans in total disbelief witnessed the most flagrant, shameless and unprecedented systematic tempering in the collection and announcement of poll results that resulted in the declaration by ECK that the incumbent president had won the elections when he, in fact, lost in a landslide to his major opponent, Raila Odinga.

Indeed, the rigging was so glaringly obvious, independent international observers, including the European Union (EU), concluded that the presidential election outcome in Kenya is not credible. EU’s preliminary report on 2007 elections in Kenya is available at http://www.eueomkenya.org/Main/English/PDF/Kenya_2007_Final_Preliminary_Statement.pdf.

Meanwhile, on being declared the winner by ECK, the incumbent president hastily and within minutes had himself sworn in as president at a State House function attended by a number of members of his government that had just been trounced at the polls[1].

Shortly thereafter, Mr. Kibaki, through one of his ministers, banned live coverage of news events in Kenya and instructed media editors to edit information given to the public.  The minister also banned peaceful public demonstrations called by the actual winner of the presidential elections and his party.  The ban remains in effect and is being enforced by police and soldiers with instructions to shoot-to-kill.

The fraudulent installation of Mr. Mwai Kibaki as president of Kenya and his subsequent actions aided by his henchmen is not only an affront to Kenyans everywhere, if let stand, it would destroy what little gains Kenya has achieved in democratic reforms and will in all likelihood result in unprecedented violence and turmoil and quite possibly, genocide in Kenya. It would also destabilize the entire East and Central Africa region which depends on Kenya’s stability.

Mr. President, your leadership and, indeed, that of the United States is once again needed to make a difference in world affairs that affect the interests of the United States.  Kenya is not only strategically important in the East and Central African region, it is an ally of the United States in its war on terrorism therefore its stability is paramount.

Unfortunately, however, Mr. Kibaki and his advisors believe the US, in weighing what to do with the current crisis, in light of Kenya’s role in the war on terrorism, would more likely prefer to have Mr. Kibaki remain in power under the belief the US would rather deal with the “devil she knows” rather than the “devil she does not know.”

Kibaki’s thinking is flawed for a number of reasons and the US must not allow him to benefit from this flawed logic.  Kenya has been and will continue to be a friend of the United States regardless of who is in power on either end for obvious reasons—assuming, of course, that Kenya survives this gravest test to her survival as a nation.

If nothing is done and Mr. Kibaki remains in power despite having handily lost in the elections, I am afraid the country would degenerate into civil war and possibly genocide because the anger among the Kenyan people is deep and unlikely to dissipate unless a solution to the crisis is found that reflects the will of the majority of its citizenry.

Needless to say, Kenya’s disintegration into civil war would certainly be detrimental to the United States’ own national security, given the country’s role in the war on terrorism, not to say anything about the loss of lives and devastation such a civil war would cause.

Mr. President, there are a number of things the United States, through your leadership, can do to immediately bring about a peaceful resolution of the crisis in Kenya but I can think of four:

First, the US must demand that Kibaki lifts the media black-out and allow the free-flow of information the absence of which is causing grave anxiety, rumor-mongering and even death as people react to some of these rumors.

Second, the US must insist that peaceful rallies by Kenyans must be allowed and along with this, the incumbent Mr. Kibaki must immediately lift the shoot-to-kill order now in place that has resulted in innocent Kenyans being shot to death by trigger happy police and soldiers.  The continued banning of peaceful rallies only delays the inevitable because people are angry and they must ultimately vent their anger.

Third, the US should immediately take steps to enforce Ambassador Frazer’s pronouncement that the it will not be business as usual with Kenya, if a resolution of the crisis is not reached.  These steps should include at the minimum, imposition of sanctions on Kenya, cutting off non-essential aid, and the declaration of Kibaki and his clique as a persona non grata.  I realize these actions may be draconian relative to the US standard policy in these matters but what Mr. Kibaki has done deserves nothing less, even as a matter of diplomatic courtesy.

Fourth and most importantly, the US must insist on formation of a transitional government with a mandate to organize and conduct new presidential elections in Kenya.  This is the only fair resolution of this crisis because no one doubts that the elections in Kenya were severely rigged beyond the tolorable.  Had this been the normal rigging that invariably takes place everywhere in closely contested elections, one may be inclined to accept status quo and forge forward.

The rigging that occurred in Kenya was, however, blatant and unacceptable by any measure.  For the US, and the rest of the world for that matter, to allow Mr. Kibaki to nullify the will of more than 5 million Kenyans that went to the polls on December 27, 2007 with impunity would be contrary to the United States’ own policy of promoting democracy everywhere, not to say anything about the violence and turmoil that is certain to ensue in Kenya were that to be the case.

I therefore kindly urge you Mr. President to use your gracious office and proven leadership to assist us in reaching these goals and to do anything else within your powers to ensure attainment of peace and justice for Kenya.

Sincerely,

__________________________

Samuel N. Omwenga


[1] It is widely believed Mr. Kibaki was, in fact, sworn in before the ECK announced the results and the public was shown the video later.

 
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Posted by on April 2, 2011 in Uncategorized

 

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